CENTRAL COFFEE RESEARCH INSTITUTE (CCRI)

COFFEE RESEARCH STATION - Balehonnur - Chickmagalur District

PLATINUM JUBILEE 1925 - 2000

INTRODUCTION

Research work on coffee was initiated during the year 1915 by setting up a temporary laboratory at Koppa.  Initial studies focused attention in combating the dreaded leaf disease of coffee.  Later it was deemed necessary to have a full fledged experimental station to tackle the multifarious problems that the coffee industry had been countered with.  Accordingly the Government of Mysore started a field research station and officially named it the " Mysore Coffee Experimental Station" during 1925.  The land for the research station was gifted by Major C.S.Crawford of Guntanaik estate.  Subsequently the erstwhile Government of Mysore handed over the established farm to the Coffee Board, which had come into being during 1942. Organized research on Coffee started from 1946 onwards.

Dr.  L.C.COLEMAN

Founder of Coffee Research in India

The Central Coffee Research Institute ( CCRI ) is presently one of the premier institutes in South East Asia.  There are seven different disciplines viz. Agronomy, Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, Botany, Entomology/Nematology, Plant Physiology, Biotechnology and Post Harvest Technology, striving to evolve strategies aimed at increasing productivity and improvement is the quality of coffee.  Besides, regional stations have been established at Chundale in Kerala, Thandigudi in Tamil Nadu, Raghavendranagar in Andra Pradesh and at Diphu in Assam, in addition to Coffee Research Sub-station at Chettalli in Kodagu for extrapolation of results under different agro-climatic conditions where coffee is grown.

An exclusive Tissue Culture and Biotechnology Division has been established in Mysore where studies on bio-technology and molecular biology are in progress to complement the conventional breeding programmes in developing high yielding, pest and disease resistant varieties.  The Quality Control Division Stationed at Bangalore has been actively collaborating with other research disciplines in upgrading the quality of coffee in the cup.

LOCATION

The Central Coffee Research Institute is about 8 kms from Balehonnur and is located about  3 kms off the main road on Balehonnur - Sringeri route in Chickmagalur District.

GEOGRAPHY AND METEOROLOGY

Latitude                                                :13 22' N

Longitude                                             :75 28' E

Elevation                                              : 823 - 914 m MSL

Av. Annual Rainfall [ 1990- 1999 ]       : 2588.6 mm

Mean Annual Maximum Temp.             : 27 . 5 C

Mean Annual Minimum Temp.              : 16.5 C

Receipt  of Blossom/Backing  Showers : March / April, May.

Dominant Monsoon                              : South - West.

METEOROLOGICAL DATA

Sl. No.

Months

Rainfall in MM

*Average Temperature in C

Sunshine Hours

1999 2000 *Average Maximum Minimum 1999 2000
1 January - - 6 28.1 13.1 9.5 9.0
2 February - - - 29.9 13.7 10.5 9.0
3 March 18 - 13 32.8 16.5 10.2 -
4 April 36 121 78 32.3 17.8 9.5 10.0
5 May 213 63 119 31.7 19.3 8.5 10.0
6 June 388 537 470 23.6 19.3 9.0 8.0
7 July 1136 927 834 24.4 18.7 9.5 8.0
8 August 451 679 625 24.3 18.8 8.0 8.0
9 September 219 328 205 26.3 17.9 6.0 7.0
10 October 360 294 147 23.1 17.8 6.0 9.0
11 November 5 - 84 26.2 16.3 9.0 -
12 December 2 - 8 27.2 13.9 9.0 -

* Average of 10 years ( 1990 - 1999 )

THE RESEARCH FARM

The total area of the institute is 130.94 hectares.  The area planted to coffee is 80.26 hectares comprising 51.32 hectares of arabica and 28.94 hectares of  robusta.  In addition about 10.0 hectares has been planted to C X R during 2000 with 28.3 hectares. jungle remaining for future expansion about 12.38 hectares of land is utilised for nursery roads and buildings.  The forum has a precise collection of germplasm and exotic material from all the coffee growing countries including Ethopia, the home land of Arabica. Since inception, the institute has treasured a wide range of species of shade trees under which coffee is grown thus preserving the ecology.  Diversification is being intensified and the diversified crops like pepper and areca are fast becoming an appreciable source of income to the institute. The forum has good water source of different points and recognizing the advantages, check dams have been constructed to impound sufficient quantity of water.  Construction of  few more are on the anvil. As is the case in coffee plantations, the farm at CCRI too has nature in its pristine beauty further embellished by a rich presence of flora and fauna.

MANPOWER

There are about 60 scientific and technical personnel who are involved in carrying out research in various disciplines.  The farm has a total strength of 127 workmen comprising 99 Mazdoors and 28 Non-staff and Maistries.

INFRASTRUCTURE

The institute has a well equipped laboratory facility and a central library of vast collection of books and periodicals on coffee and other plantation and agricultural crops.  Besides, there is a well established training section for imparting training for estate managers and supervisory personnel of coffee plantations and also for the extension officers of the Coffee Board. The institute runs the school 'Bharathiya Coffee Vidyalaya' having education facilities up to 7 th standard.  The school has been immense use both to children of the staff of the institute and for the children from neighboring villages. Besides, there is a government Kannada Primary school.  A cooperative society, canteen and hostel are other facilities in the colony.  There are 115 quarters for officers for officers and staff..

The farm infrastructure consists of 4 drying yard, two water tanks, one check dam recently constructed and other essential machinery needed for carrying our estate operations.  In accordance with Plantation Labour Act, a creche, dispensary, dwelling quarters ( 180 Nos. ) potable water supply etc. are the facilities extended to workmen of the institute.

Click on the links below for detailed information

AGRONOMY
AGRICULTURAL CHEMISTRY & SOIL SCIENCE
BOTANY
ENTOMOLOGY / NEMATOLOGY
PLANT PATHOLOGY
PLANT PHYSIOLOGY
POST HARVEST TECHNOLOGY
TISSUE CULTURE
REGIONAL RESEARCH STATIONS
PUBLICATIONS

 


For Further Details Contact:-

 

Central Coffee Research Institute,

Coffee Research Station,

Chickmagalur.

Pin - 577 117