PLANT PHYSIOLOGY

Organized research to understand the basic and applied aspects of coffee physiology was initiated during 1963 by establishing the division of Plant Physiology at the institute.  The environmental factors such as light, water, temperature, type of soil and nutrient status affect the growth of coffee and its productivity. Under south Indian conditions, the major physiological factors limiting the productivity are vegetative growth, flowering, berry drop, ripening, drought, light ( shade ) and carbon exchange rate ( photosynthetic efficiency ). Early and better establishment of young coffee is also very essential in achieving desired growth in coffee.  The faculty is engaged in better understanding of these physiological aspects to achieve the best annual efficient yield.

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