District : Chickmagalur State : Karnataka

PERSPECTIVE INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT PLAN OF CHIKMAGALUR DISTRICT

INTRODUCTION

The perspective plan for industrial development of Chikmagalur district has been designed with the main objective of facilitating planners, prospective investors, financial institutions, Govt. organizations and the public to take fruitful decision on promoting / starting industries based on the resources available and demand.  It helps planners to assess the infrastructure requirements of various sectors, so that the industrialization of the district takes place on a faster pace.

It is the thinking of the Govt., to remove regional imbalance in development of Industries throughout the state.  This document indicates long term exploitable potential based on market demand, natural resources, human resources, existing and planned infrastructure.

To plan the future, we should know the present status of our district in terms of availability  of resources and present industrial infrastructure.  Accordingly, stastical and other required data were collected from various departments and organizations.  Discussions were held with the representatives of Chikmagalur district.  Industrialist 's associations, Merchant's associations, Technical Institutions & other Educational Institutions.  Govt., departments and other Boards and Corporations involved in promotion of industries.

An attempt has been made to focus on the areas of industrial infrastructure required for industrial development of our district in the coming years.

Thus, it is hoped that this perspective plan will help planners, prospective investors, Govt., organizations, non Govt., organizations, financial institutions to take decisions on industrial development.  Also, it is hoped that this document will act as a GUIDE to both budding entrepreneurs and industrialists of our district.

CHIKMAGALUR DISTRICT AT A GLANCE.

The Chikmagalur district with a geographical area of 7201 Sq.k.m lies partly in malnad tract and party in the transition and maidan area.  The district receives normal average rainfall at 1925 mm. The Chikmagalur district has been categorized as a developed district due to its highest domestic product and percapita income due to the revenue realized from plantation crops.

The district accounts for about 2.26 % of the total population of the state.  The major agricultural crops are: Paddy, Ragi and Jowar.  The district is rich in horticulture produce also.  The important fruits grown are :Mango, Banana, Jackfruit, and Sapota.  The important vegetable crops and Potato, Tomato, Onion, Brinjal, Cabbage.  The important plantations crops are : Coffee, Coconut and Arecanut.  Other important commercial crops sugarcane.

There are two industrial estates, one at Chikmagalur and the other is at Birur of Kadur Taluk.  The district's only industrial area is located at Amble village about seven k.m. from Chikmagalur town.  The other details are given below.

I.    General Characteristics of the District.

 Area 7201 Sq.km. 3.8% of the total area of the state.
 Main rivers       Tunga, Bhadra, Hemavathi, Vedavathi
 Number of Taluks       7
 Number of  towns             10   
Number of inhabited villages         1022
Average annual rainfall         1925 m.m
Highest points      Mullayyanagiri-1926 mtrs, above sea level     
Soil     

Rich tracts of black soil along south ofBababudan Giri mountain.  While red and Gravel soil is found in southern parts of the district.    

                                                                                                        

II.    Human Resources (1991 Census)

   

Population   10.17 Lakhs
Density of population    141 per Sq.k.m.
Literate population            5,32,134 persons
Rural population              84% of the population
 Percentage of literary    61.00%
  Male              70.6%
 Female          51.3%

III. Agriculture Resources:

Important food crops   Paddy, Ragi, Jowar
Important commercial crops  Groundnut, Sugarcane

IV.    Horticulture Resources:

Vegetable grown 

Potato, Tomato, Brinjal, Beans, Cabbage, Ladies finger

Fruits grown Mango, Banana, Guava, Sapota, Jack Fruit
Plantation Crops Coffee, Coconut, Arecanut

 

V. Forest Resources:

Area under Forest 2108.62 sq.kmtrs 30% of total area of the District
Important Forest products Rosewood, Teak wood, Fire wood, Bamboo, Shikakai, Antiwala, Cinchona leaves

 

VI. Mineral Resources:-

Mineral Resources Iron ore, Granite, Building stones, Asbestos, Soap stone, Green & White quartz, Kyanite

 

VII. Live Stock Resources:-(1997 Census)

Total live stock population 10.64 Lakhs
Cattles 5.92 Lakhs
Poultry 3.78 Lakhs

VIII. Registered Unemployed Youths (as on 30-6-2001

Nos. 39901

IX Other Infrastructure:-

Railway Line 91 kms.. existing. Laying of railway line between Kadur and Sakeshpura via Chickmagalur is in progress
Road 7264 kms.
Number of Vehicles
Motor Cycles 35202
Motor Cars 5762
Total including others 60739
Banks (1999-2000)  
Commercial Banks 107
Grameena Banks 27
Lead Bank Corporation Bank
Details of Post Offices and Telegraphic Offices (As on 31-03-2000)  
Post Offices 303
Telegraphic Offices  75
Telephone in use  56552
Power Power from Sharawathi and Bhadra Power Generating station
Existing Industrial Structure( as on 31-03-2001)  
No. of small scale industries 4327
No. of medium and large scale industries 2
Number of Industrial Areas 1
Number of Industrial Estate 2

 

SALIENT FEATURES OF THE DISTRICT

 Chikmaglur is one of the six Districts which constitute the malnad area of Karnataka State.  It is situated on the western ridge occupying 3.8 % of the total area of the state.  The District is sparsely populatd and it contains only 2.27 % of the total population of the state.

LOCATION:- The District lies between 120 15' and  130 54' north latitude and between 750 5' longitude.  It is bounded on the north by Shimoga District, On the east by Chitradurga and Tumkur Districts,  on the south by Hassan District and on the West by Dhakshina Kannada and Udupi District.

PHYSICAL FEATURE:- Major portion of the District consists of mountain region of the western ghats.  The district may be described as predominantly highland area with a small exception in the east.  The eastern part of Chikmagalur district, viz., Kadur taluk and parts of Tarikere taluk features the maidan area.  Bababudan range, which is the loftiest range of Karnataka tableland, is situated in the center of Chikmagalur district.  The highest point in the district is Mullayyanagiri, which rises to 1926 meters above sea level.  The mountain area is rich in the forest wealth while the plains contain rich agricultural fields, which receive good rainfall.

AREA:- The area of the district is 7201 sq.k.m. In terms of area it occupies 11th Position among the 27 districts of the state.

ADMINISTRATIVE ARRANGEMENT:- At the district level, District Industries Center is administered by the Joint Director, assisted by Deputy Directors and other staff.  The district is divided into seven Taluks. Viz. Chikmaglur, Kadur, Koppa, Mudigere, Sringeri, Narasimharajapura and Tarikere.  Taluks Industries Centers have been established in all talk head quarters, manned by Assistant Directors / Industrial Promotional Officers.

CLIMATE AND RAINFALL:- The district enjoys essentially a tropical climate.  The cold season is from December to February which is one of clear bright weather.  It is followed by hot season from March to May.  The average annual rainfall is 1925 m.m Koppa, Mudigere & Sringeri register heaviest rains.

RIVERS:- The principal rivers are Tunga, Bhadra, Hemavathi, Vedavathi and Yagachi.

SOIL:- The soil of the district is not uniform in character. There are rich tracts of black soil along the south of Bababudan mountains while red and gravelly soil is found in southern parts of the district.  The existing type of soil in the district is suitable for growing crops like areca, cardamom, coffee, pepper, coconut and paddy.

INCOME:- An analysis is income received from various sectors during 1995-1996 at constant prices shows that about 54 % is from primary sector, 38 % from tertiary sector and about 8 % from secondary sector.  This shows that Chikmagalur district has not made much headway in the industrial development.

RESOURCES

The industrial development depends upon the availability of various types of resources and their effective exploitation.  It is necessary to identify marketable products by adding value to it by manufacturing or converting into intermediate / processed goods.  This helps in better utilization of local resources offering better price to agricultural produce and providing gainful employment to the local people.  The resources can be broadly classified into two categories. Viz

a)  Material resources and  b) Human resources.

part A. MATERIAL RESOURCES:-    

The important material resources are as follows.

a) AGRICULTURE:- Paddy, Ragi and Jowar are the important food crops grown in the district.  Sugarcane, Cotton, Sunflower and Groundnuts are the main agricultural commercial crops.  Based on these agro-resources thee is scope for promoting agro-based industries like Ragi malt, Ragi-based weaving food, Modern Rice Mill, Poha Mill, Jowar starch and Flour, Edible oil, Vermicelli,  Poultry / Cattle feeds, Hand made Paper out of Bagasse,  Tooth powder from paddy husk,  Aurvedic medicines etc.,  The taluk-wise details of agricultural resources are shown in annexure-I.

b) HORTICULTURE:- Chikmaglur district is rich Horticultural resources.  The important fruits grown in the district  are Mango, Bananas, Jackfruits.  The important vegetables grown are Potato, Tomato, Onion, Bringal, Cabbage.  The important plantation crops are Coconut, Arecanut, Coffee, Chillies, Pepper and Cardamom, Ginder.  Based on these horticultural resources there is scope for promoting industries like Banana chips and Powder, Mango pulp and flakes, Fruit bars, Juice, Squashes, Jam, Jellu, Canning of Jackfruits, Jackfruit seed flour, Potato chips, Tomoto ketchup / Sauce, Olioresins, Coir products, Desicated coconut powder, scented supari, Cups and Plates out of Areca leaves, pickles, Briquitted fuel and Hard board out of coffee husk, Cold storages and Carbonated Coffee Beverages.  The taluk-wise details of Horticultural resources are shown in Annexure-II.

c) ANIMAL HUSBANDRY:Live stock and poultry population can help in promoting both resource and demand based industries.  It creates opportunities for industrial ventures like :  Milk processing,  Milk products, Bone meals, Cattle feed/poultry feeds, Cattlelick etc.  The details of livestock census conducted during 1997 are sown in Annexure-III.

d) MINERALS:- Iron ore is the main mineral available in the district.  Iron ore deposit is located in Kudremukh range of westernghat.  M/s Kudremuch Iron ore Co., Ltd. is engaged in mining, benefiction and transporting iron ore slurry to Mangalore and supplying it to Iran, Japan, Chain.  Iron ore occurs in Bababudanagiri range hills.  The other minerals available are green quartz, white quartz,Kaynite, Clay, Soapstone, Granite, etc.  The details of the minerals available are shown in Annexure-IV.

e) SERICULTURE:- Sericulture is not a significant activity.  There are four technical centers located at Chikmagalur, Koppa, Narasimharajapura & kadur.  During 1999-2000 mulberry was grown in an area of about 230 hectares and about 95 tones of cocoons were produced.

f) FOREST:- Chikmagalur district is endowed with rich forest resources.  The forest area is about 2108 Sq. Kms i.e. about 30 % of the total geographical area of the district.  The important forest produce are  : Rose wood, Teak wood, Bamboo, Fire wood, Eucalyptus wood, Honne and Nandi.  The important minor forest produce are   : Segekai, Antwala, Chinnamon leaves, Watehuli, Honey, Beewax, Halmadi, etc.

g) WATER RESOURCE AND IRRIGATION:- Chikmagalur district is endowed with good surface and ground water resources.  Tunga, Bhadra, Vedavathi, Hemavathi, Yagachi and Nethravathi are the main rivers originating from the district.  The waters of Bhadra and Tunga rivers are mainly harnessed for irrigation purposes.  Though the annual average rainfall in the district is 1925 m.m.  It varies from 595 m.m. (Kadur Tq.) to 3808 m.m. (Sringeri Tq.).

The district receives heavy rainfall in Malnad blocks and scanty and erratic rainfall in maidan blocks.  The heavy rainfall zone comprising Mudigere, kopp, N.R.Pura, and Sringeri blocks have sandy soils which is not very fertile.  It is suitable mainly for plantation crops and the low lying area for paddy.  The maidan area comoprising Kadur,  Tarikere and part of Chikmagalur blocks have red soil suitable for cultivation of paddy, ragi, jowar, pulses, coconut, oil seeds etc.

i) FISHERIES:- Chikmagalur district gets an average rainfall of 1925 m.m. It has two major rivers Viz.  Tunga and Bhadra.  The district has 164 major tanks consisting of 580 hectares area, 1896 minor tanks with an area of 4571 hectares and 172 k.m. of river streches besides 10870 hectares of Bhadra and 3890 hectare of Jamabadahalla reservoir.  In all, about 1500 hectares of water spread area is suitable for inland fishing inthe district.  There are about 6835 fishermen in the district.  During 1999-2000 fishcatch was of the order of 4587.41 metric tons of which catch from natural sources was 572.13 tons and cultural sources 4017.28 tons.

ii)APICULTURE:- Environment of Chikmagalur district is suited for promotion of apiculture.  These are 6 apiary centers located at the following places with infrastructure.

Mallenahalli                                        :    Chikmagalur Taluk

Aldur                                                 :    Chikmagalur Taluk

Mudigere                                           :    Mudigere Taluk

Koppa                                               :    Koppa Taluk

Menase                                              :    Sringeri Taluk

Menasoor                                           :    N.R.Pua Taluk

From past 8-10 years the bee keeping activities have come down heavily due to Thai-sac brood disease which has destroyed most of the Apis cerana breed.  A new Breed called "apis melliphera" which resists the Thai-sac boold disease and  yield more honey is being promoted .  At present there are about 1752 bee-keepers.  Production of honey is between 5000 K.gs and 10000 Kgs. Per annum.

i)COFFEE:- Chikmagalur district is one of the major coffee growing areas of the country.  In India the total area under coffee cultivation during 2000-01 was around 340306 hec.  Out of this 65.05 % of the total area i.e. about 192130 hec In Karnataka, 84139 hec In Kerala, about 30681 hec.  In Tamilnadu, and abjout 33356 hec, in non-traditional / conventional areas.

During 2000-01, in Chikmagalur district coffee was cultivated in an area of about 80818 hec, about 3068 hec, in Hassan and about 31445 hec, in Mysore and other districts.  The details are shown in Annexure-V.

prart B. HUMAN RESOURCES

In addition to material resources, availability and utilization of human resources plays an important role in industrial development.

a) POPULATION:- As per 1991 census the population of Chikmagalur district is 10.17 lakhs, comprising of 5.14 laksh males and 5.03 lakh females.  Of the total population, about 8.45 lakh people are living in rural areas and about 1.72 lakh people are living in urban areas.  Density of population is 141 persons per Sq.km as compared to 235 persons per Sq.km. in the state.  Entrepreneurship depends upon the level of literacy.  The percentage of literate persons is 61, Male literacy is 70.6 % and female literacy is 2.06 %.  A study of the occupation pattern of the population shows that about 2.06 % of the total population is engaged in industrial activities.  The details of the population and occupation pattern are shown in Annexue-VI.

b) REGISTERED UNEMPLOYED YOUTHS:- Industrial development of the area depends on the availability of entrepreneurship among people in that area.  One of the main reasons for the industrial backwardness of Chikmagalur district is lack of entrepreneurship among the people, inspite of highmet domestic product and high per-capita income.  The details of unemployed youth registered with employment exchange as on 30-6-2001 is shown is Annexure-VII.

c) ARTISANS:- At grass root level, artisans form an important segment of the population who are engaged in the traditional type of industrial activity.  They mostly meet the local  demand for various goods and services.  If the necessary training facilities are given to upgrade their skills with adequate financial assistance, they can form the base for development of rural areas by setting up of tiny and small scale units.  There are about 11295 artisans in the district.  The major categories of the artisans in the district are found in carpentry, blacksmithy, matweaving etc.  The important talukas where concentration of artisans is found are Kadur, Chikmagalur, Tarikere and Mudigere.  About 80 % of the artisans are concentrated in these taluks.  The details of artisans in the district are shown in Annexure-VIII.

 

SOCIO ECONOMIC INFRASTRUCTURE
PRESENT INDUSTRIAL SCENARIO OF THE DISTRICT & SWOT ANALYSIS
PROPOSED INDUSTRIES & INVESTMENTS
PLAN FOR DEVELOPMENT OF RURAL & COTTAGE INDUSTRIES
VARIOUS STATISTICS & ANNEXURES